Profile of a newly independent, sovereign state, and a new 2-million-strong nation, ‘born’ amid an international diplomatic crisis involving United States, European Union, Ukraine, and Russia. Read the complete article about Republic of Crimea on Wikipedia.
Formerly annexed by the Russian Empire, Crimea was reoccupied by the Soviet Russia in 1921 and was granted the status of autonomous republic. After the World War II in 1945 the Soviet authorities deported the indigenous population of Crimean Tatars and the autonomous status of the region was stripped. In 1954, the Presidium of the Supreme Council of the Soviet Union transferred the region to Ukraine. Ukraine restored Crimea’s autonomous status in 1991 and allowed all Crimean Tatars to return. Crimea’s autonomous status was further reiterated in 1996 with the ratification of Ukraine’s current constitution, which declared Crimea to be the “Autonomous Republic of Crimea”, but also an “inseparable constituent part of Ukraine.”
On March 11, 2014, amid the 2014 Crimean crisis, the Crimean parliament and the Sevastopol City Council issued a letter of intent to unilaterally declare independence from Ukraine. The document specifically mentioned Kosovo as a precedent in the lead part.
The declaration was done in an attempt to legitimize a referendum on the status of Crimea where citizens were to vote on whether Crimea should apply to join Russia as a federal subject of the Russian Federation, or remain part of Ukraine.