Previously posted on June 9, 2010. Click it here.
You know who the ‘red dragon’ is as I mentioned above previously? Red, dragon, and what’s else needed to recognize that this country is named ‘China’? Yes, that’s a new emerging superpower in the 21st century, now having surpassed Germany and Japan in leaps and bounds, but that’s still a far, far journey to surpass United States. The economy has fluorished in double digits per annum since the introduction of ‘open economic reform’ introduced by Deng Xiaoping in 1978, and — as an additional effect — so is another new wave of migration. A hot, bubbling, double-growth economy does not mean that people feel secured by living in it; instead, it enhances more and more people of all kinds, either the freshmen studying in universities, or owners of big businesses, and don’t remember to count the peasants from isolated villages too, because these people are moving around the whole planet! Migrating has been a habitude for most of the Chinese, either those migrating from rural areas in the West of China to the sprawling metropolises in the East, or those migrating from their own mainland, be it China, Taiwan, Hongkong, or Macau, into elsewhere on the planet, be it again First, Second, or Third World countries, and this has been lasting over centuries, especially during periods of colonization. If previously Chinese mainly had an eye on Southeast Asia, North America, Pacific countries like Australia and New Zealand, and to a lesser extent like Europe, it seems that the Chinese have just foreseen another ‘promising land’: Africa. Wow, the facts are terrific, as I cited it from Wikipedia:
‘In recent years, the People’s Republic of China has built increasingly stronger ties with African nations. As of August 2007, there were an estimated 750,000 Chinese nationals working or living for extended periods in different African countries. An estimated 200,000 ethnic Chinese live in South Africa. In a 2007 New York Times article, Chad Chamber of Commerce Director estimated an “influx of at least 40,000 Chinese in coming years” to Chad. As of 2006 there were as many as 40,000 Chinese in Namibia, an estimated 80,000 Chinese in Zambia and 50,000 Chinese in Nigeria.As many as 100,000 Chinese are living and working across Angola.There are currently 35,000 Chinese migrant workers in Algeria.’
The facts are becoming much more ‘terrific’ when Chinese are currently targeting Russia as another new ‘promising land’ after Africa, cited from Wikipedia:
‘Russia’s main Pacific port and naval base of Vladivostok, once closed to foreigners, today is bristling with Chinese markets, restaurants and trade houses. Experts predict that the Chinese diaspora in Russia will increase to at least 10 million by 2010 and Chinese may become the dominant ethnic group in the Russian Far East region 20 to 30 years from now.’
However, the exact number of Chinese living in Russia remains undisputed. Official statistics, based on 2002 census data, put the number of Chinese population at a merely ‘somewhat between thirty and forty thousand’, but some experts estimated the number could be ‘somewhere between two and three million’, and the majority supported this evidence, despite questioned accuracies. Worse, oops, some media reports began speculating that most of the Chinese were factually concentrated on Siberia, the oil-rich territories whose population was depleting year by year (even the number of areas nearly exceeds the number of population, 6.2 million sq km vs 7 million people living in). Even worse, now circulates another new rumor, that in 2050, half of the population in Russia could be of Chinese descent! But that’s just speculation, because you’ve got to wait until 40 years to prove whether that is true or not.
That’s all for Africa and Russia. Let’s see further facts about Chinese diaspora:
1. Singapore is the only country after People’s Republic on China whose majority of population mainly consists of Chinese (75%), estimated to be between 3.5 to 4 million.
2. Indonesia, Malaysia, and Thailand are countries known to have a dominant number of Chinese compared with other countries, approximately up to 5 million. The population of Chinese Indonesians is known to be within 7.5 to 10 million (3-4% of total population), while the number of Thai Chinese is between 9 to 10 million (15%), and Malaysian Chinese to be nearly 7.5 million (30%).
3. The population of 100%, pure-blooded Chinese Filipinos, is estimated to be within 1.5 to 2 million. See, this is not including those born who are either a quarter, a half, or three-quarter Chinese, or these so-called ‘Mestizos’, and what if they are all included? The answer might be big: 20 to 25 million, more or less, a quarter of Philippine’s total population.
4. There are three countries in America whose Chinese population is up to 1 million: United States, Canada, and Peru. Chinese Americans are approximately numbered between 3 to 4 million, while both Chinese Canadians and Chinese Peruvians are numbered in more or less 1.5 million each. Chinese Americans are primarily concentrated in New York City and San Francisco. Chinese Canadians are mainly based in Toronto and Vancouver (additional fact: most of the Chinese living in Vancouver are Hongkongers). Meanwhile, majority of Chinese Peruvians have intermarried with local ethnic groups, predominately Spanish or Indians.
5. In Europe, Great Britain is the country with the largest Chinese population, numbered at nearly 500 thousand, representing 0.8% of total population. Others include France (250 thousand), Spain (130 thousand), Italy (160 thousand), Netherlands (115 thousand), Germany (75 thousand), and etc.
6. In Pacific countries, most of the Chinese population live in Australia and New Zealand, both approximately are known to have 700 thousand and 150 thousand Chinese each. Others with dominant Chinese population are Fiji (app. 6000, half of a percent of total population), Tonga (app. 5000, three to four percent of total population), and Samoa (app. 30.000, 15% of total population).
7. In Africa, South Africa is the country with the largest Chinese population, numbered at between 200 and 300 thousand. Second? That’s the oil-rich, booming Angola, with Chinese population approaching 100 thousand. The rest? See the list above.
8. Who believes Israel has Chinese, so-called ‘slant-eyes’ by locals? Oh, the number seems quite big, too: nearly 30 thousand Chinese are known to make a living there, mostly engaged in construction sector, and unfortunately, most of them are illegal immigrants. The rest are those who have converted their faith to Judaism. And, what? Israel’s got a ‘slant-eyed’ general! Check this person in Wikipedia, his name is Eli Marom, current commander of Israeli Navy, whose troops had recently attacked the humanitarian ship Mavi Marmara.
9. United Arab Emirates is the country with the largest Chinese community compared with the other Middle Eastern countries: an estimated 200.000 until 300.000 of them, in which majority of them are construction workers, businesspeople and investors, are currently having the national citizenship. A sizable Chinese community is Chinatown in Dubai, which is populated by at least 150.000 people.
10. Everything seems to have turned upside down; if previously it was the United States which participated together with other nations to break-up and colonize China, now everything has reversed. Nowadays, dozens of Chinese companies, be it big or small, are currently investing much time, efforts, and money to set up factories in United States. What is the main reason? Electricity fee is much cheaper compared to the fees they have to face in their own homeland. So don’t get confused if once you conceive a ‘slant-eyed Mongoloid-based’ manager, whose assistants are ‘White’ employees. Several decades, this portrait would be virtually common elsewhere on the country. (source: Fortune)
11. Market-dominant minority: it is a term in which a nation’s certain minority groups obtain major dominance over the country in many aspects. Example, even though apartheid policy has subsequently been dismissed, but Whites still obtain a strong dominance in South African economy. Or see how American Jews control 50% of the national economy instead. In Southeast Asia, undoubtedly, the region’s 500 richest families are known to have controlled three-fourth of the region’s economy, in which majority of them are of Chinese origin.
12. In India, there is virtually only one city which has, and also sizable, Chinese population. It is Calcutta, a city inhabited by 12 million people, a city in which social gaps tend to be very high. Approximately 200.000 people of Chinese origin make a living in that metropolis, and the majority of them run and operate retail shops, trading companies, and set up a few dozens of factories (nearly the similar situation you would see in Medan).
Here are links available to provide you much more information about Chinese diaspora:
1. Chinese diaspora in Russia:
2. Chinese diaspora in Pakistan:
3. Chinese diaspora in Guyana:
4. Chinese diaspora in Africa:
5. Chinese diaspora in Algeria:
6. Chinese diaspora in South Africa:
7. Chinese diaspora in Solomon Islands:
8. Chinese diaspora in Indonesia (2000 archive):
Note: all these links explore deeper about advantages and disadvantages made by the entire Chinese communities, and no means of exaggeration or offences are aimed through this information sharing. I would like to express apology for any inconvenience caused.